Islamic Guide To Turkey




Istanbul - Bursa - Sogut - Konya


Turkish Lira

Turkey is a nation straddling Europe and Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Cosmopolitan Istanbul, on the Bosphorus Strait, is home to the iconic Hagia Sophia, the massive 17th-century Blue Mosque and the circa-1460 Topkapı Palace, former home of sultans.


For more than 1500 years İstanbul was the capital of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires.With one arm reaching out to Asia and the other to Europe, İstanbul is the only city in the world built on two continents. The Bosphorus courses the waters of the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara and the Golden Horn through the city’s heart.


Bursa lies on the lower slopes of Mount Uludag. Known as “Green Bursa”, the city is filled with gardens and parks. Walking distance from the Great Mosque and famous silk bazaar “Koza Han”is the old picturesque quarter of Bursa where the tombs of Osman Ghazi andhis son Orhan Ghazi whose army conquered Bursa.


Is the final resting place of Ertuğrul Ghazi, the father of the Osman Ghazi (the founder of the Ottoman empire). Söğüt was the birthplace of the Ottoman Empire. Ertuğrul Ghazi (died 1288), the warrior chieftain who fought on the border of the Seljuk Turkish and Byzantine empires, and whose sons formed the Ottoman state.


Is one of Turkey’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. It was known as Iconium in Roman times and was the capital of the Seljuk Turks from the 12th to 13th centuries. During that period of cultural, political and religious growth, the mystic Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi founded a Sufi order known as the Whirling Dervishes.


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